News & Events

Cedep Seminar “Developing Inhibitory Control” on June 16, 2017 [Fri]

25.05.2017event

seminar_20170616s

◆Flyer PDF→「実行機能発達研究の最前線」フライヤー

 

Date&Time

June 16, 2017 [Fri]  15:00~17:00 (open 14:30~)

Place

Room A200, 2nd Floor, Akamon General Research Bldg.
Hongo Campus, UTokyo

 

※Free of charge.

※Language: English  (No translation will be provided.)

※For reseachers and students.

 

Presentation 1

15:00~16:00
‟Developing Inhibitory Control”
(Prof. Yuko Munakata)

The ability to inhibit inappropriate thoughts, actions, and emotions is essential in life. However, children show remarkable limitations in inhibitory control, and targeted intervention efforts have shown limited success. Two theoretical advances suggest an alternative approach. First, a core component of mature inhibitory control is the ability to proactively monitor the environment for signals that indicate the need to inhibit. Second, children transition from reactive (in-the-moment) forms of executive function to increasingly proactive (anticipatory) forms. Together, these advances suggest that early struggles with inhibitory control reflect the prolonged development of proactive control. We test implications of this framework for improving inhibitory control, by supporting reactive control in preschool children, and by training proactive control in older children. The findings are promising, but the development of executive function comes with costs as well as benefits, raising questions about when and whether to intervene.

 

Presentation 2

16:00~17:00
‟The Emergence of Symbolic Cognition from Sensory-Motor Dynamics”
(Prof. Randall O’ Reilly)

One of the greatest mysteries of human cognition is how higher-level symbolic processing emerges out of lower-level sensory-motor learning.  We are developing biologically-based computational models that explore this transition, in the domain of active processing of visual displays, leading up to the ability to perform tasks such as the Raven’s progressive matricies – a widely-used test of general fluid intelligence.  It has been critical to incorporate the functions of the deep neocortical layers, and their interactions with the thalamus, to enable our models to exhibit the dynamic top-down attention required.  These attentional mechanisms interact with bidirectional excitatory connectivity in the superficial cortical layers to support flexible access to visual information by executive function areas in the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia.

 

Registration

※max.100

Please click here to register.

 

【Contact】

Center for Early Childhood Development, Education, and Policy Research (Cedep)
E-mail: cedep☆p.u-tokyo.ac.jp (※Please replace ☆ with @)