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2017年6月16日(金)開催:子育て保育/発達基礎合同セミナー「実行機能発達研究の最前線」 Cedep Seminar “Developing Inhibitory Control” on June 16, 2017

2017.05.25イベント

seminar_20170616s

◆印刷用PDF→「実行機能発達研究の最前線」フライヤー

 

日時/Date&Time

2017年6月16日(金) 15:00~17:00 (開場14:30~)
June 16, 2017 [Fri]  15:00~17:00 (open 14:30~)

場所/Place

東京大学本郷キャンパス 赤門総合研究棟2階 A200教室

Room A200, 2nd Floor, Akamon General Research Bldg.
Hongo Campus, UTokyo

 

※参加費無料 Free of charge.

※本講演・質疑応答は英語で行われ、通訳は付きません。
Language: English  (No translation will be provided.)

※対象:研究者・学生 For reseachers and students.

 

講演/Presentation 1

15:00~16:00
 「発達する抑制機能」
‟Developing Inhibitory Control”
(Prof. Yuko Munakata)

The ability to inhibit inappropriate thoughts, actions, and emotions is essential in life. However, children show remarkable limitations in inhibitory control, and targeted intervention efforts have shown limited success. Two theoretical advances suggest an alternative approach. First, a core component of mature inhibitory control is the ability to proactively monitor the environment for signals that indicate the need to inhibit. Second, children transition from reactive (in-the-moment) forms of executive function to increasingly proactive (anticipatory) forms. Together, these advances suggest that early struggles with inhibitory control reflect the prolonged development of proactive control. We test implications of this framework for improving inhibitory control, by supporting reactive control in preschool children, and by training proactive control in older children. The findings are promising, but the development of executive function comes with costs as well as benefits, raising questions about when and whether to intervene.

 

講演/Presentation 2

16:00~17:00
「感覚‐運動ダイナミクスから生じるシンボル認知の創発」
‟The Emergence of Symbolic Cognition from Sensory-Motor Dynamics”
(Prof. Randall O’ Reilly)

One of the greatest mysteries of human cognition is how higher-level symbolic processing emerges out of lower-level sensory-motor learning.  We are developing biologically-based computational models that explore this transition, in the domain of active processing of visual displays, leading up to the ability to perform tasks such as the Raven’s progressive matricies – a widely-used test of general fluid intelligence.  It has been critical to incorporate the functions of the deep neocortical layers, and their interactions with the thalamus, to enable our models to exhibit the dynamic top-down attention required.  These attentional mechanisms interact with bidirectional excitatory connectivity in the superficial cortical layers to support flexible access to visual information by executive function areas in the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia.

 

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【お問い合わせ先】

東京大学大学院教育学研究科附属
発達保育実践政策学センター
cedep☆p.u-tokyo.ac.jp(☆を@に変えてください)